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February 2020

The Man & Nature Programmes develops innovative biodiversity conservation approaches, based on the development of natural resource’s supply chains. Man & Nature’s core strategy consists of supporting a sustainable and rational exploitation of natural resources, as well as a fair income for local communities from the South, in partnership with private companies.

In 2019, Man and Nature Programme raised €570,000 and our direct contribution to field projects was €485,000. 9 projects have been supported in 7 countries (3 regions).


Asia


In India
, the project aims to fight against the three factors (poaching, pesticides and logging) responsible for the extinction of Loris (Loris tardigradus ssp: IUCN: EN). The project is implemented in three communities and 24 villages living in or near the Ayyalur Forest (Tamil Nadu). It directly benefits 450 families and the Loris population through the conservation and regeneration of their habitat. Thanks to the committed partners, SEEDs Trust (technical partner) and the Maisons du Monde Foundation (financial partners), the project has achieved very good results:

  • 854 farmers (565 men and 289 women) have been trained in pesticide-free agriculture;
  • 22 producers are selling their produce in an organic market forum;
  • on the 9 hills monitored, the number of Loris increased by 30% between 2015 and 2019; 
  • 24,195 trees have been planted on agricultural land (including 2,000 sandalwood trees and 7,065 tamarind trees).
  • The 150 women trained and equipped to process NTFPs have started collective marketing;
  • 60 women were trained in beekeeping and set up a social enterprise to sell their honey.

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In Malaysia
, the project focuses on the highly endangered large predator, the Malaysian tiger (IUCN: EN). It aims to restore the Sungai Yu Ecological Corridor to allow wildlife to move between the two forest complexes of Main Range and Taman Negara without risk. To achieve this, it is necessary to develop income-generating activities for local communities, raise their awareness of the importance of biodiversity conservation and involve them in the monitoring and restoration of the ecological corridor, which also contributes to the reduction of poaching.

Thanks to the committed partners, the Malaysian Nature Society (MNS) (technical partner) and the Maisons du Monde Foundation (financial partners), the project has achieved the following results:

  • 10% additional income (€855 per month) for the 40 members involved in the Community Action Group "Friends of the Tiger" was generated through community tree planting and activities to support women's livelihoods;
  • Outreach activities reached 240 local community members and 4700 members of the general public.

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Central Africa


In Cameroon
 the Man and Nature programme operates on the periphery of the Dja reserve. This conservation area is subject to continuous degradation due to the increase in rural population and overexploitation of natural resources. This constant pressure further condemns the indigenous populations. The Baka Pygmies, who have always hunted and collected many products in the forest, now see their activities banned: subsistence hunting, collection of medicinal herbs, food plants and others. To support these communities, our technical partner, the NGO AAFEBEN supports 10 groups in the Lomié region, including 350 women of the Baka and Bantu ethnic groups in the collection and marketing of Non-Timber Forest Products (NTFPs) such as Mbalaka, Wild Mango or Moabi.

The programme, supported by the Sisley Foundation, has enabled: 

  • Renewal of the innovative partnership between the forestry company Pallisco, AAFEBEN and the women's cooperative, with the aim of developing sustainable NTFP harvesting and limiting poaching;
  • 9,145€ of turnover generated by the collection of wild mangoes (Irvingia gabonensis). The closure of the borders with Nigeria did not allow the commercialization of the other NTFPs then stored;
  • 344 women were trained in the collection and processing of NTFPs;
  • 325€ saved by 80 Bakas members in a "village fund". Village savings is a new concept for the Baka who were able to buy basic necessities.
  • Updating of simple management plans in 4 community forests to improve governance and community participation in the management of their forest.

In the Tridom Area (West Cameroon, North Gabon), thanks to the support of the Franklinia Foundation, Noé is implementing a conservation programme for two sacred and mythical species for local communities and indigenous peoples who use them for medicinal and spiritual purposes: the Moabi (Baillonella toxisperma) and the Kevazingo (Guibourtia Tessmanii). The aim of the project is to combat the illegal exploitation of these two essences in:

  • Developing a protection status for the Moabi species in Cameroon by demonstrating that the exploitation of its seeds by local populations brings more added value to the local economy than the export of its wood. These activities are carried out by our partners: the Centre for Environment and Development (CED) and Tropical Forest and Rural Development (TFRD).
  • Strengthening Gabonese civil society and local communities in the fight against the illegal exploitation of Kévazingo in order to ensure that the measures taken by the Gabonese government for the protection of the species are respected. These activities are implemented by our partner, Brainforest.

As the programme started at the end of 2019, the first results will be available mid-2020.

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In Northern Gabon
, in the province of Woleu-Ntem, in order to fight against deforestation and poverty, the project implemented by Brainforest, aims at improving the productivity of village cocoa farms, but especially at encouraging the practice of agroforestry for a quality production, sustainable and without deforestation. As cocoa under shade is known for its superior quality, this will allow producers to access a reliable and profitable market. This pilot project will rehabilitate 40ha of cocoa farms, advocate for an improved cocoa purchasing system in Gabon, and demonstrate that it is possible and necessary to replicate this model in other villages in the region.

Thanks to the financial partner, the Maisons du Monde Foundation, the following activities were carried out; 

  • 1 socio-economic study was conducted to assess the strengths and weaknesses of the plantations and planters identified in the 4 villages of the project;
  • 24 people attended a training workshop on sustainable cocoa production techniques.
  • 16 lots of agricultural equipment and 2 motorbike tippers used for cocoa cultivation were distributed;
  • 18 producers took part in a training course on the rehabilitation of old cocoa farms, using a participatory method "field-school-peasant";
  • Advocacy actions to improve the cocoa purchasing system.

In DRC, since 2017, Noé and the Maisons du Monde Foundation have been supporting the association Mbou Mon Tour with the aim of protecting the Bonobo through community forest governance and sustainable local economic development. The project is particularly original in that it sets up Local Community Forests (LCTFs), i.e. it allows indigenous populations to become the sole owners and managers of their forest. The project has achieved the following results:

  • A common conservation area of 84,735 ha has been identified, created, validated and monitored by local communities (42 trackers trained and equipped);
  • In 2 years, in the monitoring area, the number of bonobos to be increased by 17%;
  • The number of traps detected has decreased by 75% since 2016, partly due to regular anti-poaching patrols;
  • Sixty people have been trained in the manufacture of raffia cloth and the transformation of this cloth into objects;
  • The MMT life base has been equipped with solar power and water supply;
  • Savings groups (60 women in total) have enabled the financing of community cassava, groundnut and maize fields.

 

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Outlook


Thanks to funding from the French Development Agency (AFD), Noé will strengthen these activities in Cameroon by supporting the establishment of organic value chains (cocoa, NTFP and shea) on the periphery of two Protected Areas: the Bénoue National Park and the Dja Biosphere Reserve. This 3-and-a-half-year programme will support at least 600 producers, of which more than 60% are women.

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In West Africa


The 3-year ECONOBIO Programme (January 2018 - December 2020) aims to develop sustainable value chains around protected areas, with the support of five NGOs: A Rocha Ghana, Nature Conservation Research Centre (NCRC), Northcode, West African Primate Conservation Action (WAPCA) in Ghana and the Centre Suisse de Recherches Scientifiques en Côte d'Ivoire (CSRS). It specifically aims to:

  • Contribute to the development of five sustainable value chains around three protected areas: shea butter and honey around the Molé National Park, cocoa around the Kakum Conservation Area, coconut oil, cocoa and cassava around the Kwabre-Tanoé Transboundary Forest.
  • Improving community-based biodiversity conservation and sustainable use of natural resources. The project supports the establishment and strengthening of community governance structures (Community Resource Management Area - CREMA) to ensure sustainable management of natural resources.
  • Strengthen civil society actors, generate knowledge and share best practices to help address current and future challenges of biodiversity conservation and economic development.

This program is co-financed by the Agence Française de Développement (AFD), the Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund (CEPF), Sofi Tucker Foundation, Phytodess, NaHÉ Cosmétiques and the Fondation de France.

By combining the CREMA and green sector development models, the following results were obtained in 2019:

  • 147,000 hectares of land sustainably managed by local communities;
  • 5 green value chains developed;
  • 4647 producers trained and equipped with increased livelihoods (44% of whom are women);
  • 477 elected community members trained and supported (26% of whom are women);
  • 75 patrollers trained and operational and 1,250 patrols carried out;
  • 2 production centres constructed (one for organic and fair-trade coconut oil and one for honey).

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Results

In 2019, 9 supported programmes in 7 different countries

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