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In Madagascar and the Comoros, Ylang-Ylang, "the flower of flowers", is the object of centuries-old attention. Mingled with coconut oil, the inhabitants of these islands made an ointment called boori-boori, natural softener of the skin and febrifuge. The Europeans of the Victorian era derived the famous "Macassar oil" for hair care. Today, the flower of flowers is sought after by perfumers and, above all, by the professionals of aromatherapy. They have understood its inner well-being characteristics.


Ingredient Ylang



Part of the plant harvested: Flowers | Abstraction process: Steam distillation
Family: Cananga Odorata | Scientific name: Annonaceae | Trade name: Ylang-Ylang
Quality: 100% pure and natural
Country of origin: Madagascar | Production area: Nosy Be island
Production capacity: Contact us


Organoleptic characteristics

Feature: Opalescent oily liquid | Color: Yellow to orange
Odor: Top and middle notes are characterized by flowery smell, which is also spicy, exotic, powerful, narcotic and slightly fruity.


Physical and chemical characteristics

Density: 0,923-0,975 | Ignition temperature: 85°C.


Main molecules

Esters: Geranyl acetate, benzyl benzoate | Monoterpenols: Linalol, geraniol
Sesquiterpenes: Germacrene D, -caryophyllene, β-caryophyllene
Sesquiterpenols: -cadinol, farnesol


Properties and use

Respiratory soothing and cardiac tonic, intellectual and sexual stimulant, balancing nervous, antidepressive, hypotensive, anti arrhythmic, regenerative cell and antiseptic, sebo-regulator, tonic of skin and hair of any type, antidiabetic.



Palpitations, hypertension | Tonic for skin and hair of any type | Depression, insomnia, stress, anxiety | Female sexual asthenia | Contractures and muscle cramps | Gynecological spasms


Ingredient Ylang2


Background’s presentation

In the north of Madagascar, the island of Nosy-Be, which is full of exceptional natural resources, supplies most of the Ylang-Ylang's essential oil to the perfumery industry. The town of Mont-Passot, located on a hill, is an exceptional site for its biodiversity. It is surrounded by seven superb sacred blue lakes called the Crater Lakes, where we can find Crocodylus niloticus, which has been a threatened species since 1988. The town is adjacent to an important area of Ylang-Ylang plantation and of its essential oils’ production.

While a large majority of the population uses lake water as a source of drinking water, the ecosystems formed by these lakes are increasingly threatened by the erosion of the top layers of the slopes. The Ylang-Ylang monoculture and bushfires are the main causes of this degradation, which endangers the existing biodiversity of the area.


NGO working in the sector

For the last twelve years, the Malagasy NGO “L'Homme et l'environnement” (Man and the environment), has been working to develop and support projects that improve the living conditions of local populations while preserving biodiversity and the quality of their environment. It proposed, to the regional authorities, the development of a management plan to allow the integration of the issues of conservation and quality of the crater lakes’ water into a development program. In return, L’Homme et l’environnement obtained a 10 year-management contract to implement this program.

The NGO works in close consultation with local populations concerned and aware of short-term issues. They collaborate actively in the study and rapid implementation of the management plan, which will enable them to better control and develop the area, and to ensure their ancestral rights on the site are respected.


Impact on biodiversity and local communities

Support for the development of sustainable plantations - in this case, those of Ylang-Ylang - following good agricultural practices, associated with the fixation of the soil with vetiver, is meant to motivate local communities to stop developing damaging ways of exploiting land. Securing productive land will give local populations an additional incentive to reconcile a land use that is compatible with the sustainable development of the area. All the adopted measures should allow the stabilization, or even the improvement, of the physicochemical quality of the waters of several lakes. 


Man and Nature cannot be hold responsible for any misuse of the information contained in these pages. These factsheets cannot be considered as a therapeutic or medical prescription and cannot in any way replace a consultation with a health professional.


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