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AFD02

 

Development of green value chains as an innovative model for conservation

 

Ecosystems are subject to an accelerated degradation in the least developed tropical countries. Indeed, overexploitation of natural resources – timber, charcoal, poaching, fishing, non-timber forest product for food and pharmacopoeia – in conjunction with forest administrations often defective, resulted in loss of biodiversity, at the expense of the poorest rural communities, which depends on it to live. 

 

The project

 

Continent Afr Cameroun Senegal

The aim of the project is to offer an innovative model for biodiversity conservation based on the development of economic sectors for the benefit of local populations living in and around areas of high biodiversity.

The idea is to put the Economy at the service of biodiversity conservation.

The purpose is to create a strong Public-Private-Associative partnership in order to develop, apply and sustain the model.

The public sector, represented by the French Development Agency (AFD), is involved in this 

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project with the private sector (through cosmetics, food or perfume companies) co-funding the activities or using the natural resources produced, and with the associative sector represented by Man & Nature and the CSOs in the countries of the South involved.

Deployed on 9 economic sectors on 6 areas in Cameroon and Senegal, with the help of 5 local CSOs, including 4 Cameroonian (AAFEBEN, CAMGEW, ERuDeF, TF-RD) and one Senegalese (NEBEDAY), the project contributes to the entrepreneurship of 52 groups composed of 3,625 producers, with 50% of women and ethnic minorities.

 

 

In Cameroon

 

  • The CSO AAFEBENAppui à l’Autopromotion de la Femme de la Boumba et Ngoko- intervenes in the Eastern periphery of the Dja Reserve (RBD, on 10 community forests) and supports 350 women, mostly from the Baka (Pygmy people) and Bantu ethnic groups, in the collection and processing of Non Timber Forest Products (NTFP) such as moabi, wild mango, njansang, mbalaka and allanblackia. The CSO TF-RD –Tropical Forest and Rural Development - helps 160 cocoa farmers in 15 villages of the northern periphery of RBD to intensify their cocoa production through agroforestry models that meet the criteria for Rainforest Alliance certification. It also supports 7 groups of Bantu women and 1 group of women from the Baka ethnic group (i.e. 115 producers) in the collection and processing of NTFP (wild mango, moabi, njansang, …). In order to improve the added value of these products for the benefit of local communities, a collaborative processing platform has been set up in Yaoundé for the production of vegetable butter. These butters are then valued on cosmetic and food markets at national and international level.
    For more information, here is the full presentation of the project.
  • The CSO CAMGEWCameroon Gender and Environment Watch- meanwhile, aims to protect Mount Kilum-Ijim forests by developing the beekeeping sector (honey and beeswax). Since 2012, it has worked with beekeepers in terms of organization and training in production. As part of this project, 6 cooperatives (including 5 newly created), bringing together over 1,200 beekeepers, are trained in beekeeping and can sell their honey under the Protected Geographical Indication "Oku white honey", while wax is valued in the cosmetics market. 
  • For more information, here is the full presentation of the project
  • The CSO ERuDeF -Environment and Rural Development Foundation- is at the root of the creation of the Tofala Hill Sanctuary located between the Lebialem and the Mount Bamboutos area. For 3 years, it has been supporting four cooperatives of palm oil producers thanks to 4 semi-industrial presses in order to improve the yields and to ease the painfulness of the work compared to the presses traditionally used. It also supports the development of the palm-kernel oil sector, to enhance this sub-product still poorly valued, and thus improve the profitability of the entire sector. 
    For more information, here is the full presentation of the project
  • ERuDeF is also developing new outlets, in Mount Bamboutos, in the perfume and flavoring sector for two wild plants (Echinops giganteus and Mondia witheï) according to the Access and Benefit Sharing process of the Nagoya Protocol. 
    For more information, here is the full presentation of the project.

 

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In Senegal

 

Finally, the CSO NEBEDAY is a Senegalese NGO that promotes participatory management of natural resources by and for the benefit of local communities in the Saloum Delta. It primarily supports women entrepreneurship chains, with 1,200 women gathered in a cooperative. The two sectors concerned are straw charcoal and moringa (Moringa oleifera).
Straw charcoal, derived from the pyrolysis of bush straw, harvested from firewalls situated on the periphery of forests, reduces the risk of bush fires and produces an alternative fuel for firewood. At the same time, the moringa trees planted in the firebreaks and the agroforest areas provide leaves that are collected and dried to produce a powder that is sold and used mainly for malnutrition control.
For more information, here is the full presentation of the project

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