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The fruit of the argan tree, of the size of a walnut, hides under its pulp a core with a very hard shell that contains one to three almonds called arganons. The oil extracted from these arganons, by its original composition, is renowned to protect the cardiovascular system, as well as for its restorative and regenerative action of the skin. Precious oil, it helps prevent the appearance of wrinkles, cellulite, stretch marks and crow's feet.

 

Ingredient Argan

 

Introduction

Part of the plant harvested: Kernel of the fruit | Abstraction process: Semi-mechanized extraction (cosmetic oil), artisanal extraction (edible oil)
Family: SapotaceaeScientific name: Argania Spinosa | Trade name: Argan
Quality: 100% pure and natural, cosmetics quality
Country of origin: Marocco | Production area: The Souss Region
Production capacity: Contact us

 

Organoleptic characteristics

Feature: Oily liquid | Colour: Light to dark ellow | Smell: Almond/ nut

 

Physical and chemical characteristics

Density at 20°C: 0,906 to 0,916 | Saponification Index: 189-199

 

Conditions of preservation

Store in a dry place away from heat and light, under 25°C.

 

Composition

Fatty acids composition:
- Polyunsaturated essential fatty acids (PUFA or AGE) or vitamin F: linoleic acid (omega-6) (about 32%)
- Monounsaturated fatty acids (AGMI): oleic acid (about 48%)

Other active components:
- Tocopherols (vitamin E): natural antioxidants
- Phenolic compounds: antioxidants (responsible in part for the cholesterol-lowering activity of this oil)
- Triterpenic alcohols: skin protection, antifungal, antiviral and anti-inflammatory properties
- Sterols: protection of the skin and promoting microcirculation
- Carotenoids and xanthophylls: antioxidant and photoprotective action
- Triacylglycerides: softening properties, help to reconstruct the lipid film of the skin.

 

Properties and uses

The composition of the argan oil contributes to the consumer’s health on several levels (dietetic, cosmetic and pharmaceutical). Externally used, it is:

  • Firming and softening
  • Antioxidant, anti-aging
  • Protective, nourishing and healing (acne scars, chicken pox, sun...)

In terms of food, its organoleptic properties make it a precious oil for culinary art. Its almond and hazelnut taste enhances the flavor of dishes such as couscous, fish and salad dressings. Besides, ingested argan oil (internal use) allows stabilization of hypercholesterolemia (Berrougui H, Ettaib A, & al, 2003) and stimulation of brain cells and liver function.

 

Ingredient Argan2

 

Structure working in the sector

The Union of Women's Cooperatives (UCFA in French) deals with the production and marketing of Argan oil and agricultural by-products. UCFA is one of the results of the Conservation and Development Project of the Arganeraie (PCDA), carried out within the framework of the Moroccan-German technical cooperation (GTZ and DREF-SO) in the South West of Morocco. Its main role is to organize the marketing of the Tissaliwine brand of cooperative members, which cover the entire ‘arganeraie’ (arganerae biosphere reserves): Agadir - Idaoutanan, Tiznit, Taroudant, Chtouka Ait Baha and Essaouira. The UCFA now has 22 cooperatives and 1000 women members.

UCFA’s primary objective is therefore to improve the conditions of the women of the arganerae biosphere reserves by giving them the right to an adequate income (through the products’ promotion and marketing). Throughout this process, UCFA also works for the environment by preserving the authenticity of the pressed argan oil by hand. 

 

Impact on biodiversity and local communities

This partnership, based on participation and fair trade, enables women to feed their families and to educate their children. The improvement of their socio-economic situation, health and education of women has an immediate and lasting impact on the well-being of their families and the preservation of their environment.

Argan oil is one of the most valuable and valued food and natural care products. To make it known to as many people as possible, inside and outside of Morocco, is a way to signal the deforestation and the irregular degradation of the argan tree and to better safeguard this endemic tree, UNESCO world heritage.

 

Man and Nature cannot be hold responsible for any misuse of the information contained in these pages. These factsheets cannot be considered as a therapeutic or medical prescription and cannot in any way replace a consultation with a health professional.

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